Why did Ancient Egyptians mummify the dead?
Where were mummies buried in Ancient Egypt and what was laid in the grave?
No other culture has produced a greater number of mummies than Ancient Egypt. The term “mummy” was originally used exclusively to designate the preserved bodies originating from Egypt.
Large areas of Egypt are desert and life is only possible in the oases and along the banks of the Nile. In the Predynastic and Early Dynastic Period, the dead were buried in the desert in order to avoid using precious fertile land for tombs. As a result, it was discovered that bodies were preserved by dehydration in the desert sand. Ancient Egyptians then started to recreate this process artificially in order to preserve the dead bodies from decaying.